Opportunistic Infections and Related Diseases, and Their Treatment

Opportunistic Infections and Related Diseases

500. Opportunistic Infections

A definition of opportunistic infections. Description of the most common opportunistic infections with links to more detailed information.
[Revised: September 12, 2006]

501. Candidiasis (Thrush)

A description of candidiasis (thrush), including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

502. Cryptosporidiosis

A description of the opportunistic infection cryptosporidiosis, including symptoms, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: April 12, 2007]

503. Cryptococcal Meningitis

A description of the opportunistic infection cryptococcal meningitis, including symptoms, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

504. Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

A description of the opportunistic infection cytomegalovirus (CMV), including symptoms, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

505. Dementia and Nervous System Problems

A description of dementia and central nervous system problems, including symptoms, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: October 27, 2006]

506. Hepatitis: Overview

A description of the seven types of viral hepatitis, their symptoms and diagnosis. Basic information on treatment.
[Revised: July 23, 2007]

507. Hepatitis C

A description of hepatitis C, its diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Discussion of co-infection with both HIV and hepatitis C.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

508. Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores and Genital Herpes)

A description of herpes simplex virus that causes cold sores or genital herpes, and its interactions with HIV infection. Transmission, treatment and prevention of herpes simplex.
[Revised: May 2, 2007]

509. Herpes Zoster (Shingles)

A description of shingles (herpes zoster), including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
[Revised: September 1, 2006]

510. Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

A description of human papillomaviruses (HPV) and the problems they can cause, including genital warts and cervical dysplasia.
[Revised: November 9, 2006]

511. Kaposis Sarcoma (KS)

A description of the opportunistic infection Kaposi?s Sarcoma (KS), including symptoms, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: May 13, 2007]

512. Lymphoma

A description of the opportunistic infection Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL), including symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: July 23, 2007]

513. Molluscum

A description of the opportunistic infection molluscum contagiosum, including symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: May 13, 2007]

514. Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)

A description of the opportunistic infection Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC), including symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: July 23, 2007]

515. Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP)

A description of the opportunistic infection pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), including symptoms, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.
[Revised: April 12, 2007]

516. Progressive Multifocal Leucoencephalopathy (PML)

A description of the opportunistic infection progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy (PML), including symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

517. Toxoplasmosis

A description of toxoplasmosis, including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
[Revised: July 23, 2007]

518. Tuberculosis (TB)

A description of tuberculosis (TB), including transmission, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
[Revised: October 27, 2006]

519. Wasting Syndrome

A description of AIDS wasting, including causes and treatments.
[Revised: April 12, 2007]

Drugs to Treat Opportunistic Infections

530. Azithromycin (Zithromax)

A discussion of the antibiotic drug azithromycin (Zithromax) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: May 13, 2007]

531. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

A discussion of the antibiotic drug ciprofloxacin (Cipro) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

532. Clarithromycin (Biaxin)

A discussion of the antibiotic drug clarithromycin (Biaxin) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: May 13, 2007]

533. Dapsone (Avlosulfon)

A discussion of the antibiotic drug dapsone (avlosulfon) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: September 10, 2006]

534. Fluconazole (Diflucan)

A discussion of the antifungal drug fluconazole (Diflucan) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: April 12, 2007]

535. Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole

A discussion of the combination of antibiotic drugs trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole (also called Bactrim, Septra, TMP/SMX, Cotrimoxazole) used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: June 25, 2007]

536. Filgrastim (Neupogen)

A description of the drug filgrastim (neupogen) used to treat neutropenia, a shortage of a type of white blood cell.
[Revised: June 25, 2007]

537. Pentamidine

A discussion of the drug Pentamidine used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: July 23, 2007]

538. Atovaquone (Mepron)

A discussion of the drug Atovaquone used to fight some AIDS-related opportunistic infections.
[Revised: April 26, 2007]

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